Timeline

YearProgram Activity
1908-1962 James Gerould (Minnesota and Princeton) collected descriptive statistics on research libraries
1961/62 ARL begins to publish statistical data based on variables begun with Gerould
1962/63-78/79 Data for these years published as Cumulated ARL University Library Statistics, 1981
1963 Data variable of net volumes added
late 1960s Investigation begins into quantitative criteria for membership
1966/67 Annual ARL salary survey data collection begins
1968 Data variable for microforms added
1972 Data variable for current serials added
1973 SPEC data collection program begins
1974 Data variable for interlibrary loans added
1976 Data variable for expenditures for current serials added
1976-1986 No new data categories added to ARL statistics
1978 Report of the Task Force on Statistics and Regression Analysis of the ARL Data
May 1980 ARL adopts new criteria for membership, and an ARL Index comprised of 10 variables, determined by factor analysis (vols, vols added gross, micorforms, current serials, library materials expenditures, binding expenditures, total salaries, other operational expenditures, professional staff, support staff)
Nov. 1980 "The ARL Library Index and Quantitative Relationships in the ARL" report prepared by Kendon Stubbs for the Committee on ARL Statistics
1982 ARL contracted with Paul Kantor to test four performance measures (availability of library materials, accessibility of library materials, analysis of patron activity, and delay analysis of ILL -- measures developed by the Collection Analysis Project) and to produce a manual
1982 Committee on ARL Statistics begins discussion on new data categories
1984 Supplementary statistics data gathering begun to test ability to gather new data (variables include monographs purchased, staffing, monograph expenditures, professional salaries, professional fring benefits, nonprofessional salaries, nonprofessional fringe benefits, student wages, student fringe benefits, automation expenditures, external and reserve circulations, reference transactions, branch libraries, and instructional faculty)
1984 Objective Performance Measures for Academic and Research Libraries by Paul Kantor published.
1984/85 Pilot Preservation Statistics Survey
1985 OMS Occasional paper by Mary Cronin that reviewed literature of performance assessment
1985/86 Data collected on monograph and serial purchases
May 1986 ARL Membership Meeting 108 on "Research Libraries: Measurement, Management, Marketing" focuses on statistics and measures
1987 ARL SPEC Kit 134, Planning and Management Statistics, categorized the types of statistics collected by ARL libraries in four groups: measures of activity and workload, measures of holdings, measures of facility use; measures of resources generated and expended)
May 1987 ARL membership adopts 5-variable index as membership criterion (volumes held, volumes added gross, current serials received, total operating expenditures, total staff)
1987/88 "ARL Preservation Statistics, Internal Report 1989"
1988/89 Annual data collection begins for ARL preservation statistics
1989 "Future Directions for ARL Statistics" report by Committee on ARL Statistics approved by ARL membership, with recommendations to: 1) collect statistics on the full range of holdings in ARL libraries and on records in online catalogs, 2) count government documents in separate collections, 3) develop access measures
1989 Beth Shapiro, Michigan State University, serves as Visiting Program Officer to investigate access and performance measures for research libraries
1989 ARL SPEC Kit 153, The Use of Management Statistics in ARL Libraries addressed internal and external users of statistics
1989 Jean Loup, University of Michigan, serves as Visiting Program Officer to investigate statistical projects, including the university E&G expenditures
1989/90 Andrew W. Mellon Foundation provides support for studies to investigate new measures for access: reference, circulation, electronic services, resource sharing, physical facilities, other public services
1990s-date ARL provides custom reports for salary or statistical data
1990-date Supplementary questionnaire includes questions on access measures
1991 "Inventory of Library Access Characteristics" covers library facilities, equipment, resource sharing, and some access services
1991 Service measures (interlibrary borrowing, library instruction, reference transactions, circulation) collected as part of main ARL statistics
Oct. 1991 ARL membership meeting panel on ARL statistics at which Irene Hoadley summarized work by Advisory Committee on ARL Statistics to analyze uses and directions of the statistics in charting library growth and effectiveness
1991/92 E&G Expenditures collected on annual basis
Mar. 1992 ARL newsletter article, "New Directions for ARL Statistics" by Sarah Pritchard
1992 ARL/RLG ILL Cost Study
1992 ARL publishes ARL Academic Law and Medical Library Statistics, 1977/78-1991/92; disaggregated law and medical library data collection begins
1992 Mellon study on University Libraries and Scholarly Communication published, uses ARL data to analyze economic trends in research libraries
1993 ARL statistics available through gopher and ftp
1994 ARL adopts strategic objective to focus on "describing and measuring the performance of research libraries and their contributions to teaching, research, scholarship and community service"
1994 ARL Membership report proposes inclusion of qualitative factors to supplement quantitative membership criteria
1994 ARL begins annual publication, Developing Indicators for Academic Library Performance: Ratios from the ARL Statistics, with introduction that documents the current environment for performance measures in higher education and academic libraries
1994 ARL statistics available over the web
1994 "The Survey of Professional Job Titles" conducted -- a one-time survey that asked libraries to suggest job titles for expanding the position titles in the ARL Annual Salary Survey (analysis showed no action required)
1994 "Survey of Endowed Positions" was a one-time survey that reported the number of endowed positions in ARL libraries
1994 "Educational Credentials for Professional Librarians: MLS vs. non-MLS salaries" compared the salaries of professionals with MLS vs. those without one, using data from the ARL Annual Salary Survey 1994, and did not find any differences in their salaries
1994/95 Stanley Wilder, Louisiana State University, serves as Visiting Program Officer to examine demographics, results in The Age Demographics of Academic Librarians: A Profession Apart
1995/96 Kendon Stubbs, University of Virginia, serves as Visiting Program Officer to provide support for developing workshops on measuring user satisfaction & quality service, resulting in a series of 5 successful user survey workshops in 1996/97
1995/96 ARL conducts survey on Innovative Services in ARL Libraries
1996-date ARL Statistics program sponsors workshops on managing datasets
1996-date ARL Statistics and Measurement Committee examines measurement activities, such as SERVQUAL and the Wisconsin-Ohio Reference Evaluation Program
1996-1997 ARL ILL/DD Performance Measures Study, funded by The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation
1996-1999 Study on the Character and Nature of Research Library Investment in Electronic Resources by Timothy Jewell, ARL Visiting Program Officer, funded by the Council on Library and Information Resources
Apr. 1998 "Issues in Research Library Measurement," special issue of ARL newsletter
July 1998 ARL Board discusses ARL Index and statistical measures
Jan. 1999 New Measures Retreat, Tucson, Arizona
2000 LibQUAL+® launched
Oct/Dec 2003 "Special Double Issue on New Measures," special issue of ARL Bimonthly Report
2003-2004 ARL Library Investment Index to replace ARL Membership Criteria Index
2005 MINES for Libraries® launched
2006 Library Assessment Conference in Charlottesville (first in a series of biennial conferences)
2007 ClimateQUAL® launched
Aug. 2010 "Value in Libraries: Special Issue of RLI on Assessing Organizational Performance," ARL Bimonthly Report